Free Fair and Square Quilt Block Tutorial

Posted by Elaine Huff on

Let's sew together a Fair and Square quilt block today! This 12" traditional block appeared in the Kansas City Star and is a fun easy block to put together. Let's get started!

fair and square quilt block

Fabric Requirements for a 12" Finished Fair and Square Quilt Block:

  • Light/White: 4 - 2.5" x 4.5" rectangles, and 1 - 3" square
  • Medium/Green: 4 - 2.5" x 4.5" rectangles, 4 - 2.5" squares, and 2 - 3" squares
  • Dark/Red: 4 - 2.5" x 4.5" rectangles, 4 - 2.5" squares, and 1 - 3" square

fabric requirements

Sewing Directions:

Center Unit:

Step 1:

Using the Light/White 3" square, the Medium/Green 3" squares, and the Dark/Red 3" square...

fair and square 1

make four Half Square Triangle units as shown in the picture below. You can find my tutorial for making a basic Half Square Triangle at: https://fabric406.com/blogs/fabric406-blog/how-to-sew-a-basic-half-square-triangle-block Note the direction that the seam allowances are pressed - toward the red and away from the white fabrics.

fair and square 2

Step 2:

Lay out the Step 1 units as shown in the picture below and sew together in two rows. This is just like sewing together a basic Four Patch block.

fair and square 3

Step 3:

Press the seam allowances in opposite directions. Your seams should nest nicely.

fair and square 4

Step 4:

Now you can sew the two rows together as shown below.

fair and square 4

Step 5:

And press the seam allowance. I've pressed the seam allowance using the tweak/twirl/furl method so that the center lays nice and flat. You can find instructions for this method at: https://fabric406.com/blogs/fabric406-blog/how-to-sew-a-basic-four-patch-quilt-block

fair and square 5

Side Units:

Step 6:

Using the Light/White 2.5" x 4.5" rectangles and the Medium/Green 2.5" x 4.5" rectangles, make four Side Units as shown in the picture below. Press the seam allowance toward the Medium/Green fabric. That's a pretty easy unit!

fair and square 6 

Corner Units:

Step 7:

Using the four Medium/Green 2.5" squares and the four Dark/Red 2.5" squares, make four two-patch units as shown below. Press the seam allowance toward the Medium/Green fabric.

fair and square 7

Step 8:

Match up one Step 7 unit with one Dark/Red 2.5" x 4.5" rectangle and sew together as shown in the picture below. Press the seam allowance toward the Step 7 unit. Repeat for a total of four Corner units.

fair and square 8

Putting It All Together:

Step 9:

Lay out the Center unit, the Side units, and the Corner units as shown in the picture below. From here on out, the Fair and Square quilt block goes together just like a basic Nine Patch block.

fair and square 9

Step 10:

Sew the units into three rows and ...

fair and square 10

Step 11:

Press the seam allowances toward the Side units as shown in the picture below.

fair and square 11

Step 12:

Now sew the three rows together and you're done! Except for ...

fair and square

the pressing! Press the seam allowances toward the outside of the block as shown below.

fair and square 12

In Conclusion:

The Fair and Square quilt block went together pretty fast. It's an easy block with only Half Square Triangles, rectangles, and squares to sew together. I enjoyed sewing it and like that it's a little different. If I were to sew several blocks together to make a quilt, I would have to try out whether sashing in between the blocks would look better or not. 

I used the same light, medium, and dark color placement as in the traditional block but I think if you swapped the dark and light colored fabrics, the block would look totally different. Might have to try it to see.

I hope you've enjoyed the Fair and Square quilt block. If you decide to make it, I would love to see your interpretation. You can post here in the comments or in our facebook group The Quilt Cafe at https://www.facebook.com/groups/2485599535006826

Happy Quilting!

Elaine

P.S. You can find the fabrics I used in making this block at: https://fabric406.com/collections/all/collection_woodland-rose

 


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3 comments

  • Hi Judy,
    I’m sure there are tools out there to help figure yardage. I use the EQ program to figure approximate yardage – usually EQ estimates more than needed. The low-tech way for example – you need 4 – 2.5″ × 4.5″ rectangles of the white – you will get 16 of these rectangles from a 4.5" x width of fabric strip – so enough for 4 blocks. Continue this way with each size patch. Then add up the number of strips and multiply by the width of the strip to get the yardage needed for that fabric.

    Elaine Huff on
  • Really like the colors used in this block. Will be visiting your shop to purchase fabric. Thank you Elaine.

    Marge on
  • Wow, you make creating the block soooo easy! I do have a question: if I wanted to create a full size quilt using this block, how do I figure out how much material I would need? Is there a handy tool available? I am learning about how to create blocks but I don’t know what to do with them. If it’s not in a pattern I am lost. Is there an easier way? Thanks for all you do!

    Judy Polinski on

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